[LeetCode]Output Contest Matches

题目描述:

LeetCode 544. Output Contest Matches

During the NBA playoffs, we always arrange the rather strong team to play with the rather weak team, like make the rank 1 team play with the rank nth team, which is a good strategy to make the contest more interesting. Now, you're given n teams, you need to output their final contest matches in the form of a string.

The n teams are given in the form of positive integers from 1 to n, which represents their initial rank. (Rank 1 is the strongest team and Rank n is the weakest team.) We'll use parentheses('(', ')') and commas(',') to represent the contest team pairing - parentheses('(' , ')') for pairing and commas(',') for partition. During the pairing process in each round, you always need to follow the strategy of making the rather strong one pair with the rather weak one.

Example 1:

Input: 2
Output: (1,2)
Explanation: 
Initially, we have the team 1 and the team 2, placed like: 1,2.
Then we pair the team (1,2) together with '(', ')' and ',', which is the final answer.

Example 2:

Input: 4
Output: ((1,4),(2,3))
Explanation: 
In the first round, we pair the team 1 and 4, the team 2 and 3 together, as we need to make the strong team and weak team together.
And we got (1,4),(2,3).
In the second round, the winners of (1,4) and (2,3) need to play again to generate the final winner, so you need to add the paratheses outside them.
And we got the final answer ((1,4),(2,3)).

Example 3:

Input: 8
Output: (((1,8),(4,5)),((2,7),(3,6)))
Explanation: 
First round: (1,8),(2,7),(3,6),(4,5)
Second round: ((1,8),(4,5)),((2,7),(3,6))
Third round: (((1,8),(4,5)),((2,7),(3,6)))
Since the third round will generate the final winner, you need to output the answer (((1,8),(4,5)),((2,7),(3,6))).

Note:

  1. The n is in range [2, 212].
  2. We ensure that the input n can be converted into the form 2k, where k is a positive integer.

题目大意:

有n只队伍(n是2的幂,范围[2, 212]),顺序编号为1 ~ n。

队伍按照(1, n), (2, n - 1), (3, n - 2) ... 的顺序两两配对进行比赛,胜者按照同样原则递归。

解题思路:

递归

Python代码:

class Solution(object):
    def solve(self, groups):
        size = len(groups)
        if size == 1: return groups[0]
        ngroups = []
        for x in range(size / 2):
            ngroups.append('(' + groups[x] + ',' + groups[size - x - 1] + ')')
        return self.solve(ngroups)

    def findContestMatch(self, n):
        """
        :type n: int
        :rtype: str
        """
        return self.solve(map(str, range(1, n + 1)))

 

本文链接:http://bookshadow.com/weblog/2017/03/19/leetcode-output-contest-matches/
请尊重作者的劳动成果,转载请注明出处!书影博客保留对文章的所有权利。

如果您喜欢这篇博文,欢迎您捐赠书影博客: ,查看支付宝二维码