## 题目描述：

LeetCode 573. Squirrel Simulation

There's a tree, a squirrel, and several nuts. Positions are represented by the cells in a 2D grid. Your goal is to find the minimal distance for the squirrel to collect all the nuts and put them under the tree one by one. The squirrel can only take at most one nut at one time and can move in four directions - up, down, left and right, to the adjacent cell. The distance is represented by the number of moves.

Example 1:

```Input:
Height : 5
Width : 7
Tree position : [2,2]
Squirrel : [4,4]
Nuts : [[3,0], [2,5]]
Output: 12
Explanation: ```

Note:

1. All given positions won't overlap.
2. The squirrel can take at most one nut at one time.
3. The given positions of nuts have no order.
4. Height and width are positive integers. 3 <= height * width <= 10,000.
5. The given positions contain at least one nut, only one tree and one squirrel.

## 题目大意：

1. 所有位置不会重叠
2. 松鼠一次运送只能携带一枚坚果
3. 给定坚果位置是无序的
4. 高度和宽度是正整数，并且 3 <= height * width <= 10,000
5. 给定位置包含至少一枚坚果，只有一棵树和一只松鼠

## Python代码：

``````class Solution(object):
def minDistance(self, height, width, tree, squirrel, nuts):
"""
:type height: int
:type width: int
:type tree: List[int]
:type squirrel: List[int]
:type nuts: List[List[int]]
:rtype: int
"""
manhattan = lambda p, q: abs(p - q) + abs(p - q)
total = 2 * sum(manhattan(tree, nut) for nut in nuts)
return total + min(manhattan(squirrel, nut) - manhattan(tree, nut) for nut in nuts)
``````

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